Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome is a lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture in the eye leaving the cornea (the main lens of the eye) with an inadequate tear film. This occurs when the eye doesn’t produce enough tears, or the tears have a chemical composition that causes them to evaporate too quickly.

What Are the Symptoms?

Symptoms can include persistent dryness, scratching, redness, burning and sometimes excessive watering as the tears produced fail to wet the cornea properly. Dry eyes are typically worse in the evening.

You may have Dry Eye if you are experiencing:

  • Sore, gritty eyes
  • Itchy or irritated eyes
  • Inflamed eyelids
  • Faintly diffuse red eyes
  • The urge to blink hard frequently
  • Constantly runny eyes

What Are the Causes?

Dry Eye syndrome has several causes:

  1. Our eyes are sensitive to our environment. If the air condition blows air too hard or if it is windy, naturally it dries up the surface of our eyes and causes irritations
  2. Allergic conditions such as hay fever
  3. Hormonal changes with age or certain medication use
  4. Our eye lid skin becoming loose with age can mean the tears aren’t held well and thus lead to dry eyes
  5. Not blinking enough and blinking partially so only half our eyes are covered
  6. Contact lens wearers also suffer from dry eyes more towards the end of the day as the lens reduces oxygen to the eyes

What Treatment is Available?

While the syndrome may not be completely curable (depending on the cause), the symptoms can be managed with the use of lubricating eye drops, gels and ointments. Your optometrist will advise you of the best option to help you obtain comfortable, clear vision again.

Blephasteam®

Recommended to relieve symptoms of Meibomian, Gland Dysfunction and associated diseases. In standardised conditions, Blephasteam® provides moisture and heat therapy. This dual action melts the meibomian secretions and obstruction.

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EyeGiene®

This system combines a soft mask with disposable warm packs for the application of localized heat therapy to the eyelids treating. In addition to a relaxing sensation, the warmth is known to improve the flow of natural oils in the glands in the eyelids .

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Optimel®

Optimel is a lubricant which incorporates manuka honey substance and also has an anti-bacterial factor as well. Studies have found it to be effective in alleviating chronic dry eye and eyelid disease issues, improve the tear quality of our eyes.

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What Else Can I do to Relieve Dry Eye?

Watch what you eat and drink

Drink lots of water to keep your body hydrated, eat plenty of food that is rich in vitamins A, C and E, and get plenty of sleep to keep your eyes healthy. Modify your work or home environment to improve humidity and avoid airflow drafts that can dry out your tear film.

Warm compresses at home

You can heat up the eyelid margin by getting a towel hot enough to tolerate and leaving on top of your eyes closed for about two minutes every night.

Once the eyelids have been warmed, with your fingers, for your lower eye lids gently roll upwards to the lash margins and for your upper lids gently roll downwards. It has to be done at least 4-5days/every week for 2-3 weeks to notice a difference! But this is one of the most effective measures found by ocular experts.